The following is a discussion and analysis of the financial condition of
AbbVie Inc.(AbbVie or the company) as of June 30, 2022and December 31, 2021and the results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022and 2021. This commentary should be read in conjunction with the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying notes appearing in Item 1, "Financial Statements and Supplementary Data."
AbbVie is a global, diversified research-based biopharmaceutical company positioned for success with a comprehensive product portfolio that has leadership positions across immunology, oncology, aesthetics, neuroscience and eye care. AbbVie uses its expertise, dedicated people and unique approach to innovation to develop and market advanced therapies that address some of the world's most complex and serious diseases. AbbVie's products are generally sold worldwide directly to wholesalers, distributors, government agencies, health care facilities, specialty pharmacies and independent retailers from AbbVie-owned distribution centers and public warehouses. Certain products (including aesthetic products and devices) are also sold directly to physicians and other licensed healthcare providers. In
the United States, AbbVie distributes pharmaceutical products principally through independent wholesale distributors, with some sales directly to retailers, pharmacies, patients or other customers. Outside the United States, AbbVie sells products primarily to customers or through distributors, depending on the market served. Certain products are co-marketed or co-promoted with other companies. AbbVie has approximately 50,000 employees. AbbVie operates as a single global business segment. 2022 Strategic Objectives AbbVie's mission is to discover and develop innovative medicines and products that solve serious health issues today and address the medical challenges of tomorrow while achieving top-tier financial performance through outstanding execution. AbbVie intends to continue to advance its mission in a number of ways, including: (i) maximizing the benefits of a diversified revenue base with multiple long-term growth drivers; (ii) growing revenues by leveraging AbbVie's commercial strength and international infrastructure across therapeutic areas and ensuring strong commercial execution of new product launches; (iii) continuing to invest in and expand its pipeline in support of opportunities in immunology, oncology, aesthetics, neuroscience and eye care as well as continued investment in key on-market products; (iv) expanding operating margins; and (v) returning cash to shareholders via a strong and growing dividend while also reducing debt. In addition, AbbVie anticipates several regulatory submissions and data readouts from key clinical trials in the next 12 months. Financial Results
The company’s financial performance for the six months ended
included delivering worldwide net revenues of
basis and 6% on a constant currency basis, reflecting growth across its
immunology, neuroscience and aesthetics portfolios.
Diluted earnings per share was
$3.03for the six months ended June 30, 2022and included the following after-tax costs: (i) $3.1 billionrelated to the amortization of intangible assets; (ii) $1.9 billionfor charges related to litigation matters; (iii) $875 millionfor the change in fair value of contingent consideration liabilities; and (iv) $219 millionof acquisition and integration expenses. These costs were partially offset by an after-tax gain of $126 millionrelated to the divestiture of Pylera. Additionally, financial results reflected continued funding to support all stages of AbbVie's pipeline assets and continued investment in AbbVie's on-market brands. Following the closing of the Allergan acquisition, AbbVie implemented an integration plan designed to reduce costs, integrate and optimize the combined organization. The integration plan is expected to realize approximately $2.5 billionof annual cost synergies in 2022. To achieve these integration objectives, AbbVie expects to incur total cumulative charges of approximately $2 billionthrough 2022. These costs consist of severance and employee benefit costs (cash severance, non-cash severance, including accelerated equity award compensation expense, retention and other termination benefits) and other integration expenses.
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Recent Global Events
In response to the military conflict between
Russiaand Ukraine, the United Statesand other North Atlantic Treaty Organizationmember states, as well as certain non-member states, announced targeted economic sanctions and export controls on Russiaand Belarus. These include restrictions on the export and transfer of products containing certain toxins, including Botox, to Russiaand Belarus. With the exception of Botox, AbbVie is not prohibited to continue the sale of essential pharmaceutical products to help ensure patients receive an uninterrupted supply of their medicines. In March 2022, AbbVie announced the suspension of operations for all aesthetics products in Russia. In April 2022, AbbVie also announced that all profits from the sales of essential medicines in Russiawill be donated to support direct humanitarian relief efforts in Ukraine. While the company's operations in Russia, Belarusand Ukraineare not significant, if the conflict escalates and results in broader economic and political concerns, AbbVie's business could be adversely impacted.
Impact of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)
In response to the ongoing public health crisis posed by COVID-19, AbbVie
continues to focus on ensuring the safety of employees. Throughout the pandemic,
AbbVie has followed health and safety guidance from state and local health
authorities and implemented safety measures for those employees who are
returning to the workplace.
AbbVie also continues to closely manage manufacturing and supply chain resources around the world to help ensure that patients continue to receive an uninterrupted supply of their medicines. Clinical trial sites are being monitored locally to protect the safety of study participants, staff and employees. While the impact of COVID-19 on AbbVie's operations to date has not been material, AbbVie continues to experience lower new patient starts in certain products and markets. AbbVie expects this matter could continue to negatively impact its results of operations throughout the duration of the pandemic. The extent to which COVID-19 may impact AbbVie's financial condition and results of operations remains uncertain and is dependent on numerous evolving factors, including the measures being taken by authorities to mitigate against the spread of COVID-19, the emergence of new variants and the effectiveness of vaccines and therapeutics. Research and Development Research and innovation are the cornerstones of AbbVie's business as a global biopharmaceutical company. AbbVie's long-term success depends to a great extent on its ability to continue to discover and develop innovative products and acquire or collaborate on compounds currently in development by other biotechnology or pharmaceutical companies. AbbVie's pipeline currently includes approximately 80 compounds, devices or indications in development individually or under collaboration or license agreements and is focused on such important specialties as immunology, oncology, aesthetics, neuroscience and eye care. Of these programs, more than 40 are in mid- and late-stage development.
The following sections summarize transitions of significant programs from
mid-stage development to late-stage development as well as developments in
significant late-stage and registration programs. AbbVie expects multiple
mid-stage programs to transition into late-stage programs in the next 12 months.
Significant Programs and Developments
(FDA) approved Skyrizi for the treatment of adults with active psoriatic
of adults with moderately to severely active Crohn’s disease.
January 2022, AbbVie announced its submission of a supplemental New Drug Application (sNDA) to the FDA for Rinvoq for the treatment of adults with active non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis (nr-axSpA) with objective signs of inflammation who have responded inadequately to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
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treatment of moderate to severe atopic dermatitis in adults and children 12
years of age and older whose disease did not respond to previous treatment and
is not well controlled with other pills or injections, including biologic
medicines, or when use of other pills or injections is not recommended.
February 2022, AbbVie was notified that the European Commission(EC) is requesting the European Medicines Agency(EMA) to assess safety concerns associated with JAK inhibitor products authorized in inflammatory diseases and to evaluate the impact of these events on their benefit-risk balance. The assessment covers all JAK inhibitors approved for use in inflammatory diseases. •In February 2022, AbbVie announced top-line results from its second Phase 3 induction study, U-Excel, for Rinvoq in patients with moderate to severe Crohn's disease who had an inadequate response or were intolerant to conventional or biologic therapy met the primary and most key secondary endpoints. •In March 2022, AbbVie announced that the FDA approved Rinvoq for the treatment of adults with moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis (UC) who have had an inadequate response or intolerance to one or more tumor necrosis factor (TNF) blockers. •In April 2022, AbbVie announced that the FDA approved Rinvoq for the treatment of adults with active ankylosing spondylitis who have had an inadequate response or intolerance to one or more TNF blockers. •In May 2022, AbbVie announced positive top-line results from U-ENDURE, its Phase 3 maintenance study for Rinvoq in adult patients with moderate to severe Crohn's disease who had an inadequate response or were intolerant to a conventional or biologic therapy. The results showed that more patients treated with Rinvoq achieved the co-primary and secondary endpoints at one year compared to placebo. •In July 2022, AbbVie announced that the EC approved Rinvoq for the treatment of adults with moderately to severely active UC who have had an inadequate response, lost response or were intolerant to either conventional therapy or a biologic agent.
marketing authorization application (MAA) to the EMA for Rinvoq for the
treatment of adult patients with moderately to severely active Crohn’s disease.
adult patients with active nr-axSpA.
January 2022, AbbVie announced that the FDA granted Breakthrough Therapy Designation to investigational telisotuzumab vedotin (Teliso-V) for the treatment of patients with advanced/metastatic epidermal growth factor receptor wild type, nonsquamous non-small cell lung cancer with high levels of c-Met overexpression whose disease has progressed on or after platinum-based therapy. •In May 2022, AbbVie initiated a Phase 3 clinical trial to evaluate Teliso-V versus docetaxel for the treatment of patients with previously treated c-Met overexpressing, epidermal growth factor receptor wild type, advanced/metastatic non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer.
February 2022, AbbVie submitted an sNDA to the FDA for Imbruvica for the treatment of pediatric and adolescent patients one year and older with chronic graft versus host disease after failure of one or more lines of systemic therapy.
March 2022, Genmab A/S (Genmab) announced that FDA granted orphan-drug designation to the investigational medicine, epcoritamab (DuoBody-CD3xCD20), for the treatment of follicular lymphoma. Genmab and AbbVie are co-developing epcoritamab and will share commercial responsibilities in the U.S.and Japan, with AbbVie responsible for further global commercialization.
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June 2022, AbbVie announced primary results from the large B-cell lymphoma expansion cohort in the EPCORE NHL-1 phase 2 clinical trial evaluating epcoritamab, an investigational subcutaneous bispecific antibody. In this study, epcoritamab demonstrated efficacy with durable responses in patients who had previously received at least two prior lines of anti-lymphoma therapy including chimeric antigen receptor T-cell therapy.
for improvement of infraorbital hollows in adults over the age of 21.
efficacy and safety of BoNTE (AGN-151586) for the treatment of glabellar lines.
Neuroscience Vraylar •In
February 2022, AbbVie submitted an sNDA to the FDA for Vraylar for the adjunctive treatment of major depressive disorder in patients who are receiving ongoing antidepressant therapy.
Qulipta in the preventive treatment of chronic migraine in adults met the
primary endpoint and resulted in significant improvements in all secondary
endpoints after adjustment for multiple comparisons.
preventative treatment of chronic migraine in adults.
prophylactic treatment of migraine in adult patients who have at least four
migraine days per month.
May 2022, AbbVie submitted a New Drug Application to the FDA for ABBV-951 (foscarbidopa/foslevodopa) for the treatment of motor fluctuations in patients with advanced Parkinson's disease.
April 2022, AbbVie announced that the Phase 3 VIRGO trial evaluating the safety and efficacy of investigational twice-daily administration of Vuity 1.25% in adults with presbyopia met its primary efficacy endpoint.
administration of Vuity 1.25% in adults with presbyopia.
For a more comprehensive discussion of AbbVie’s products and pipeline, see the
company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended
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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The comparisons presented at constant currency rates reflect comparative local currency net revenues at the prior year's foreign exchange rates. This measure provides information on the change in net revenues assuming that foreign currency exchange rates had not changed between the prior and current periods. AbbVie believes that the non-GAAP measure of change in net revenues at constant currency rates, when used in conjunction with the GAAP measure of change in net revenues at actual currency rates, may provide a more complete understanding of the company's operations and can facilitate analysis of the company's results of operations, particularly in evaluating performance from one period to another. Three months ended Percent change Six months ended Percent change
June 30, At actual At constant June 30, At actual At constant (dollars in millions) 2022 2021 currency rates currency rates 2022 2021 currency rates currency rates United States $ 11,410 $ 10,8045.6 % 5.6 % $ 21,758 $ 20,5545.9 % 5.9 % International 3,173 3,155 0.6 % 7.6 % 6,363 6,415 (0.8) % 5.3 % Net revenues $ 14,583 $ 13,9594.5 % 6.1 % $ 28,121 $ 26,9694.3 % 5.7 %
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The following table details AbbVie’s worldwide net revenues:
Three months ended Percent change Six months ended Percent change
June 30, At actual At constant June 30, At actual At constant (dollars in millions) 2022 2021 currency rates currency rates 2022 2021 currency rates currency rates Immunology Humira United States $ 4,664 $ 4,2579.6 % 9.6 % $ 8,657 $ 8,1646.0 % 6.0 % International 699 811 (13.8) % (7.3) % 1,442 1,771 (18.6) % (13.1) % Total $ 5,363 $ 5,0685.8 % 6.8 % $ 10,099 $ 9,9351.7 % 2.7 % Skyrizi United States $ 1,079 $ 56591.1 % 91.1 % $ 1,860 $ 1,04677.8 % 77.8 % International 173 109 59.1 % 73.9 % 332 202 64.7 % 78.1 % Total $ 1,252 $ 67485.9 % 88.3 % $ 2,192 $ 1,24875.7 % 77.9 % Rinvoq United States $ 412 $ 29639.4 % 39.4 % $ 723 $ 54133.7 % 33.7 % International 180 82 >100.0 % >100.0 % 334 140 >100.0 % >100.0 % Total $ 592 $ 37856.3 % 60.7 % $ 1,057 $ 68155.1 % 59.2 % Hematologic Oncology Imbruvica United States $ 862 $ 1,099(21.6) % (21.6) % $ 1,736 $ 2,098(17.2) % (17.2) % Collaboration revenues 283 282 0.5 % 0.5 % 582 551 5.6 % 5.6 % Total $ 1,145 $ 1,381(17.1) % (17.1) % $ 2,318 $ 2,649(12.5) % (12.5) % Venclexta United States $ 253 $ 22313.4 % 13.4 % $ 481 $ 4487.5 % 7.5 % International 252 212 19.1 % 29.3 % 497 392 26.8 % 36.7 % Total $ 505 $ 43516.2 % 21.2 % $ 978 $ 84016.5 % 21.1 % Aesthetics Botox Cosmetic United States $ 449 $ 36622.4 % 22.4 % $ 862 $ 67128.3 % 28.3 % International 246 218 12.9 % 19.2 % 474 390 21.5 % 27.7 % Total $ 695 $ 58418.9 % 21.2 % $ 1,336 $ 1,06125.8 % 28.1 % Juvederm Collection United States $ 147 $ 196(24.9) % (24.9) % $ 295 $ 319(7.5) % (7.5) % International 197 232 (15.0) % (8.1) % 459 430 6.7 % 13.0 % Total $ 344 $ 428(19.5) % (15.7) % $ 754 $ 7490.7 % 4.3 % Other Aesthetics United States $ 287 $ 363(20.9) % (20.9) % $ 572 $ 663(13.6) % (13.6) % International 45 59 (24.4) % (20.2) % 83 102 (18.3) % (14.3) % Total $ 332 $ 422(21.4) % (20.8) % $ 655 $ 765(14.2) % (13.7) % Neuroscience Botox Therapeutic United States $ 557 $ 48814.2 % 14.2 % $ 1,057 $ 91715.3 % 15.3 % International 121 115 5.6 % 15.6 % 235 218 8.0 % 16.3 % Total $ 678 $ 60312.6 % 14.5 % $ 1,292 $ 1,13513.9 % 15.5 % Vraylar United States $ 492 $ 43213.9 % 13.9 % $ 919 $ 77818.1 % 18.1 % Duodopa United States $ 26 $ 253.2 % 3.2 % $ 50 $ 50(1.2) % (1.2) % International 94 102 (7.4) % 2.2 % 191 206 (7.2) % 1.3 % Total $ 120 $ 127(5.4) % 2.3 % $ 241 $ 256(6.0) % 0.8 % Ubrelvy United States $ 185 $ 12647.6 % 47.6 % $ 323 $ 20756.4 % 56.4 % Qulipta United States $ 33$ - n/m n/m $ 44$ - n/m n/m Other Neuroscience United States $ 145 $ 167(13.6) % (13.6) % $ 318 $ 323(1.7) % (1.7) % International 5 4 9.6 % 12.9 % 9 8 10.4 % 12.6 % Total $ 150 $ 171(12.9) % (12.8) % $ 327 $ 331(1.4) % (1.3) % 2022 Form 10-Q | [[Image Removed: abbv-20220630_g2.gif]] 30
Three months ended Percent change Six months ended Percent change
June 30, At actual At constant June 30, At actual
At constant (dollars in millions) 2022 2021 currency rates currency rates 2022 2021 currency rates currency rates
Eye CareLumigan/Ganfort United States $ 60 $ 72(17.4) % (17.4) % $ 127 $ 138(8.3) % (8.3) % International 70 77 (8.1) % (0.9) % 143 154 (6.9) % (0.1) % Total $ 130 $ 149(12.5) % (8.7) % $ 270 $ 292(7.5) % (3.9) % Alphagan/Combigan United States $ 54 $ 102(48.5) % (48.5) % $ 124 $ 182(32.3) % (32.3) % International 38 40 (2.3) % 6.6 % 75 78 (3.1) % 6.0 % Total $ 92 $ 142(35.6) % (33.1) % $ 199 $ 260(23.6) % (20.9) % Restasis United States $ 151 $ 312(51.5) % (51.5) % $ 386 $ 579(33.2) % (33.2) % International 17 15 14.9 % 24.2 % 28 28 (0.2) % 14.0 % Total $ 168 $ 327(48.4) % (48.0) % $ 414 $ 607(31.7) % (31.0) % Other Eye Care United States $ 142 $ 1309.7 % 9.7 % $ 266 $ 2477.7 % 7.7 % International 185 171 7.4 % 16.0 % 339 330 2.6 % 10.5 % Total $ 327 $ 3018.4 % 13.2 % $ 605 $ 5774.8 % 9.3 % Other Key Products Mavyret United States $ 203 $ 2040.2 % 0.2 % $ 372 $ 374(0.4) % (0.4) % International 195 238 (18.0) % (9.8) % 406 483 (15.9) % (8.4) % Total $ 398 $ 442(9.7) % (5.3) % $ 778 $ 857(9.1) % (4.9) % Creon United States $ 318 $ 28013.6 % 13.6 % $ 605 $ 5549.2 % 9.2 % Linzess/ Constella United States $ 247 $ 260(4.2) % (4.2) % $ 480 $ 4751.3 % 1.3 % International 8 8 (12.5) % (7.8) % 15 15 (3.8) % 0.7 % Total $ 255 $ 268(4.5) % (4.4) % $ 495 $ 4901.1 % 1.2 % All other $ 1,009 $ 1,221(17.5) % (16.4) % $ 2,220 $ 2,697(17.8) % (16.8) % Total net revenues $ 14,583 $ 13,9594.5 % 6.1 % $ 28,121 $ 26,9694.3 % 5.7 % n/m - Not meaningful
The following discussion and analysis of AbbVie’s net revenues by product is
presented on a constant currency basis.
Global Humira sales increased by 7% for the three months and 3% for the six months ended
June 30, 2022primarily driven by market growth across therapeutic categories, partially offset by direct biosimilar competition in certain international markets. In the United States, Humira sales increased by 10% for the three months and 6% for the six months ended June 30, 2022primarily driven by market growth across all indications and favorable pricing. This increase was partially offset by lower market share following corresponding market share gains of Skyrizi and Rinvoq. Internationally, Humira revenues decreased by 7% for the three months and 13% for the six months ended June 30, 2022primarily driven by direct biosimilar competition in certain international markets. Net revenues for Skyrizi increased by 88% for the three months and 78% for the six months ended June 30, 2022primarily driven by continued strong volume and market share uptake since launch as a treatment for plaque psoriasis as well as market growth. Net revenues for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022were also favorably impacted by recent regulatory approvals and expansion of Skyrizi for the treatment of psoriatic arthritis. Net revenues for Rinvoq increased by 61% for the three months and 59% for the six months ended June 30, 2022primarily driven by continued strong volume and market share uptake since launch for the treatment of moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis as well as market growth. Net revenues for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022were also favorably impacted by recent regulatory approvals and expansion of Rinvoq for the treatment of psoriatic arthritis, atopic dermatitis, ankylosing spondylitis and ulcerative colitis. Net revenues for Imbruvica represent product revenues in the United Statesand collaboration revenues outside of the United Statesrelated to AbbVie's 50% share of Imbruvica profit. AbbVie's global Imbruvica revenues decreased by 17% for the three months and 13% for the six months ended June 30, 2022as a result of decreased market demand and lower new patient starts in the United States. The decrease in net revenues for the six months ended June 30, 2022was also partially offset by increased collaboration revenues.
Net revenues for Venclexta increased by 21% for the three and six months ended
treatment of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL),
relapsed/refractory CLL and acute myeloid leukemia.
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Net revenues for Botox Cosmetic used in facial aesthetics increased by 21% for the three months and 28% for the six months ended
June 30, 2022due to increased consumer demand driven by targeted brand investment. Net revenues for Juvederm Collection used in facial aesthetics decreased by 16% for the three months ended June 30, 2022due to COVID-19 restrictions in Chinaand suspension of aesthetic operations in Russia. Net revenues for Juvederm Collection increased 4% for the six months ended June 30, 2022due to market growth partially offset by COVID-19 restrictions in Chinaand suspension of aesthetic operations in Russia. In the United States, net revenues for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022were unfavorably impacted by higher revenues in the prior year due to a one-time promotion in the three months ended June 30, 2021.
Net revenues for Botox Therapeutic used primarily in neuroscience and urology
therapeutic areas increased by 14% for the three months and 15% for the six
Net revenues for Vraylar for the treatment of schizophrenia, bipolar I disorder and bipolar depression increased by 14% for the three months and 18% for the six months ended
June 30, 2022due to higher market share and market growth. Net revenues for Ubrelvy for the acute treatment of migraine with or without aura in adults increased by 48% for the three months and 56% for the six months ended June 30, 2022primarily due to increased market share uptake since launch. Net revenues for Mavyret decreased by 5% for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022due to the continued disruption of global HCV markets due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Gross Margin Three months ended Six months ended June 30, June 30, (dollars in millions) 2022 2021 % change 2022 2021 % change Gross margin $ 10,413 $ 9,43610 % $ 19,899 $ 18,2339 % as a % of net revenues 71 % 68 % 71 % 68 % Gross margin as a percentage of net revenues increased for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022compared to the prior year. Gross margin percentage for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022was favorably impacted by changes in product mix and lower amortization of intangible assets associated with the Allergan acquisition.
Selling, General and Administrative
Three months ended Six months ended June 30, June 30, (dollars in millions) 2022 2021 % change 2022 2021 % change
Selling, general and administrative
$ 8,539 $ 6,00642 % as a % of net revenues 37 % 23 % 30 % 22 % Selling, general and administrative (SG&A) expenses as a percentage of net revenues increased for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022compared to the prior year. SG&A expense percentage for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022was unfavorably impacted by litigation reserve charges of $2.2 billionfor the three months and $2.4 billionfor the six months ended June 30, 2022.
Research and Development and Acquired IPR&D and Milestones
Three months ended Six months ended June 30, June 30, (dollars in millions) 2022 2021 % change 2022 2021 % change Research and development
$ 1,609 $ 1,767(9) % $ 3,106 $ 3,434(10) % as a % of net revenues 11 % 13 % 11 % 13 % Acquired IPR&D and milestones $ 269 $ 132>100% $ 414 $ 31731 % Research and development (R&D) expenses as a percentage of net revenues decreased for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022compared to the prior year. R&D expense percentage was favorably impacted by the purchase of priority review vouchers from third parties during the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, increased scale of the combined company and synergies realized as well as lower integration costs related to the acquisition of Allergan.
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Acquired IPR&D and milestones expense represents upfront and subsequent development milestone payments incurred prior to regulatory approval to acquire rights to in-process R&D projects through R&D collaborations, licensing arrangements or other asset acquisitions. Acquired IPR&D and milestones expense in the six months ended
June 30, 2022included a charge of $130 millionas a result of acquiring Syndesi Therapeutics SAand its portfolio of novel modulators of the synaptic vesicle protein 2A, including its lead molecule SDI-118, which is being evaluated to target nerve terminals to enhance synaptic efficiency. There were no individually significant transactions during the three months ended June 30, 2022and the three and six months ended June 30, 2021.
Other Operating Income
Other operating income for the three and six months ended
June 30, 2022included $172 millionof income related to the sale of worldwide commercial rights of a mature brand Pylera, which is used for the treatment of peptic ulcers with an infection by the bacterium Helicobacter pylori. See Note 4 to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information. Other operating income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021included $68 millionof income related to the sale of a biologics facility.
Other Non-Operating Expenses (Income)
Three months ended Six months ended June 30, June 30, (in millions) 2022 2021 2022 2021 Interest expense
$ 556 $ 615 $ 1,104 $ 1,247Interest income (24) (9) (33) (19) Interest expense, net $ 532 $ 606 $ 1,071 $ 1,228Net foreign exchange loss $ 47 $ 14 $ 72 $ 23Other expense, net 1,533 2,658 757 2,263 Interest expense, net decreased for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022compared to the prior year primarily due to a lower average debt balance as a result of deleveraging. Other expense, net included charges related to changes in fair value of contingent consideration liabilities of $1.6 billionfor the three months and $861 millionfor the six months ended June 30, 2022and $2.7 billionfor the three months and $2.3 billionfor the six months ended June 30, 2021. The fair value of contingent consideration liabilities is impacted by the passage of time and multiple other inputs, including the probability of success of achieving regulatory/commercial milestones, discount rates, the estimated amount of future sales of the acquired products and other market-based factors. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2022, the change in fair value represented higher estimated Skyrizi sales driven by stronger market share uptake, partially offset by higher discount rates. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, the change in fair value represented higher estimated Skyrizi sales driven by stronger market share uptake, favorable Skyrizi clinical trial results and lower discount rates. Income Tax Expense The effective tax rate was 22% for the three months and 11% for the six months ended June 30, 2022compared to 34% for the three months and 14% for the six months ended June 30, 2021. The effective tax rate in each period differed from the U.S.statutory tax rate of 21% principally due to the impact of foreign operations which reflects the impact of lower income tax rates in locations outside the United States, tax incentives in Puerto Ricoand other foreign tax jurisdictions, business development activities and accretion on contingent consideration. The decrease in the effective tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022over the prior year was primarily due to differences in the company's jurisdictional mix of earnings and accretion on contingent consideration.
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FINANCIAL POSITION, LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
Six months ended June 30, (in millions) 2022 2021 Cash flows provided by (used in): Operating activities
$ 9,913 $ 9,767Investing activities (1,461) (584) Financing activities (9,651) (9,058) Operating cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2022increased compared to the prior year primarily due to improved results of operations resulting from revenue growth, partially offset by the timing of working capital cash flows. Investing cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2022included payments made for net purchases of investment securities totaling $1.4 billion, acquisitions and investments of $394 millionand capital expenditures of $305 million. Investing cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2021included capital expenditures of $383 million, payments made for acquisitions and investments of $345 millionand net sales and maturities of investment securities totaling $9 million. Financing cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2022included repayment of $2.9 billionaggregate principal amount of the company's 3.45% senior notes. Additionally, financing cash flows included repayment of a $2.0 billionfloating rate term loan due May 2025and issuance of a new $2.0 billionfloating rate term loan as part of the term loan refinancing in February 2022. Financing cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2021included repayment of $1.8 billionaggregate principal amount of the company's 2.3% senior notes, €750 million aggregate principal amount of the company's 0.5% senior euro notes and $750 millionaggregate principal amount of floating rate senior notes. Financing cash flows also included cash dividend payments of $5.0 billionfor the six months ended June 30, 2022and $4.6 billionfor the six months ended June 30, 2021. The increase in cash dividend payments was primarily driven by the increase in the quarterly dividend rate. On June 23, 2022, the company announced that its board of directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $1.41per share for stockholders of record at the close of business on July 15, 2022, payable on August 15, 2022. The timing, declaration, amount of and payment of any dividends by AbbVie in the future is within the discretion of its board of directors and will depend upon many factors, including AbbVie's financial condition, earnings, capital requirements of its operating subsidiaries, covenants associated with certain of AbbVie's debt service obligations, legal requirements, regulatory constraints, industry practice, ability to access capital markets and other factors deemed relevant by its board of directors. The company's stock repurchase authorization permits purchases of AbbVie shares from time to time in open-market or private transactions at management's discretion. The program has no time limit and can be discontinued at any time. AbbVie repurchased 8 million shares for $1.1 billionduring the six months ended June 30, 2022and 5 million shares for $550 millionduring the six months ended June 30, 2021. Credit Risk AbbVie monitors economic conditions, the creditworthiness of customers and government regulations and funding, both domestically and abroad. AbbVie regularly communicates with its customers regarding the status of receivable balances, including their payment plans and obtains positive confirmation of the validity of the receivables. AbbVie establishes an allowance for credit losses equal to the estimate of future losses over the contractual life of outstanding accounts receivable. AbbVie may also utilize factoring arrangements to mitigate credit risk, although the receivables included in such arrangements have historically not been a significant amount of total outstanding receivables.
Credit Facility, Access to Capital and Credit Ratings
AbbVie currently has a
$4.0 billionfive-year revolving credit facility that matures in August 2024. This credit facility enables the company to borrow funds on an unsecured basis at variable interest rates and contains various covenants. At June 30, 2022, the company was in compliance with all covenants, and commitment fees under the credit facility were insignificant. No amounts were outstanding under the company's credit facility as of June 30, 2022and December 31, 2021.
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Access to Capital
The company intends to fund short-term and long-term financial obligations as they mature through cash on hand, future cash flows from operations or has the ability to issue additional debt. The company's ability to generate cash flows from operations, issue debt or enter into financing arrangements on acceptable terms could be adversely affected if there is a material decline in the demand for the company's products or in the solvency of its customers or suppliers, deterioration in the company's key financial ratios or credit ratings or other material unfavorable changes in business conditions. At the current time, the company believes it has sufficient financial flexibility to issue debt, enter into other financing arrangements and attract long-term capital on acceptable terms to support the company's growth objectives.
March 2022, Moody's Investors Service (Moody's) affirmed its Baa2 senior unsecured long-term rating and the Prime-2 short-term rating. At the same time, Moody's revised the outlook to positive from stable. Unfavorable changes to the ratings may have an adverse impact on future financing arrangements; however, they would not affect the company's ability to draw on its credit facility and would not result in an acceleration of scheduled maturities of any of the company's outstanding debt.
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES
A summary of the company's significant accounting policies is included in Note 2, "Summary of Significant Accounting Policies" in AbbVie's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended
December 31, 2021. There have been no significant changes in the company's application of its critical accounting policies during the six months ended June 30, 2022.
Some statements in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q may be forward-looking statements for purposes of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. The words "believe," "expect," "anticipate," "project," and similar expressions, among others, generally identify forward-looking statements. AbbVie cautions that these forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ materially from those indicated in the forward-looking statements. Such risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, failure to realize the expected benefits from AbbVie's acquisition of Allergan, failure to promptly and effectively integrate Allergan's businesses, challenges to intellectual property, competition from other products, difficulties inherent in the research and development process, adverse litigation or government action, changes to laws and regulations applicable to our industry and the impact of public health outbreaks, epidemics or pandemics, such as COVID-19. Additional information about the economic, competitive, governmental, technological and other factors that may affect AbbVie's operations is set forth in Item 1A, "Risk Factors," in AbbVie's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended
December 31, 2021, which has been filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. AbbVie notes these factors for investors as permitted by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. AbbVie undertakes no obligation to release publicly any revisions to forward-looking statements as a result of subsequent events or developments, except as required by law.
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